In 2017 the Orangutan Conservancy is pleased to continue our support for an important ongoing program in Sumatra called The Orangutan Information Centre near Medan. The Orangutan Information Centre (OIC) and Sumatran Orangutan Society (SOS) are dedicated to the conservation of Sumatran orangutans and their rainforest homes.
Their flagship projects include:
• Habitat restoration
• Human orangutan conflict mitigation
• Community education & empowerment
• Community patrols
The Orangutan Conservancy has chosen OIC’s Human Orangutan Conflict Response Unit (HOCRU) for our focus on funding.
The HOCRU is a specialist team of Indonesian conservationists, responsible for investigating, assessing, and mitigating any reported instances of conflict between farmers and orangutans around the Leuser Ecosystem, northern Sumatra, Indonesia
HOCRU’s main tasks are to investigate and conduct mitigation of conflict incidents in agricultural areas prone to crop-raiding by orangutans; conduct regular field monitoring of known isolated populations of orangutans; data collection and mapping of forest-adjacent villages to gain an understanding of crop raiding species; and to socialize mitigation methods to communities currently experiencing HOC problems in order to prevent conflict incidents such as killings of orangutans, poaching, the pet trade, and illegal keeping. HOCRU’s work in the community often leads to the rescue and translocation of orangutans in conflict.
The high frequency of orangutan rescue, translocation operations, and confiscations of illegally-held captive orangutans by the HOCRU team over recent years confirms that human-orangutan conflict is an ongoing problem in and around the Leuser Ecosystem, exacerbated by the destruction of orangutan habitat mainly for plantation development. In 2015, the team rescued 29 orangutans: 16 females and 13 males, with 19 orangutans evacuated from plantations and farmlands and 10 confiscated from the illegal pet trade.